Which are the correct grammatical rules of using a/an?

Which are the correct grammatical rules of using a/an?

Use ‘a’ before words that sound as if they start with a consonant(all letters excluding vowels).
Use ‘an’ before words that sound as if they start with a vowel(a,e,i,o,u).
Words that start with ‘h’ can fall into either category depending on whether the ‘h’ is aspirated (not silent).
‘hotel’ and ‘history’ are aspirated. You can hear the ‘h’. So they take ‘a’.
‘hour’ and ‘honour’ are not aspirated, they sound as if they start with ‘o’. So they take ‘an’.
Lots of people get this wrong.
Britons, especially in London, tend to put ‘an’ before ‘history’ even though they pronounce the ‘h’.
Americans often use ‘an’ before ‘herb’, which they pronounces as ‘erb’. It should be ‘a herb’.

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